epub ebook The Working Poor Invisible in America BY David K. Shipler – chiangshistory.org
My Indian Kitchen dIn the second session the same boy sits on the floor putting blocks in a plastic bucket His mother watches yawns puts her headown and closes her eyes She has no interaction with her son The third session finds both mother and child sitting at a low table each playing separately with plastic blocks The staff has told her Play with your child but she evidently thinks that means to play as if he weren t there or to play as if she were a child herself Having built a stack of blocks the boy says proudly Look Mommy She mocks him repeating in a sarcastic tone Look what I Lots of Mommies did Mommy Then without including her son she tries to assemble the blocks into a formation pictured on the bucket s label The boy reaches for a block on the table in front of her She snatches it away and snaps No Then she evenismantles the stack of blocks he s made to use a couple of them in her construction all the while saying to him mockingly Look Mommy Look Mommy Again in the forth session they sit at the low table each oing a separate puzzle The mother holds hers on her lap tilted up so her son can t see it The boy picks up his puzzle which is all together then turns it over and umps the pieces on the table with a clatter You re gonna pick them all up she says harshly You re making a mess The boy plays nicely and uietly putting all the pieces carefully together again while the mother continues with her own puzzle ignoring her son except to scold himchokengtitiktitikchokeng167 recent studies have shown that sensitive responsive care in the first few years of life leads to greater school achievement and less need for special ed fewer bx probs less use of Fantasy Man drugs and alcoholuring adolescence and a higher ability to form relationships among peers from preschool onchokengtitiktitikchokeng 225 Dr Zuckerman of Boston Medical Center hired attorneys to work on his staff to solve some medical issues p285 working poverty is a constellation of The Flame Of Adventure difficulties that magnify one another not just low wages but also low education not justead end jobs but also limited abilities not just insufficient savings but also unwise spending not just poor housing but also poor parenting not just the lack of health insurance but also the lack of healthy households The villains are not just exploitative employers but also incapable employees not just overworked teachers but also efeated and unruly pupils not just bureaucrats who cheat the poor but also the poor who cheat themselves The troubles run strongly along both macro and micro levels as systemic problems in the structure of political and economic power and as individual problems in personal and family life All of the problems have to be attacked at oncechokengtitiktitikchokeng286 The first uestion is whether we know exactly what to o The second is whether we have the will to exercise our skill We lack the skill to solve some problems and the will to solve others but one piece of knowledge we now possess We understand that holistic remedies are vital So gateways to addressing a family s range of handicaps are needed and they are best established at intersections through which working poor families are likely to travel ie octors and lawyers schools and parenting classes banks health insurance info public housing and English classes job trainingchokengtitiktitikchokeng 288 voting not an answer bc most Americans on t vote their class interests In 2000 19% of Americans thought they were in the top 1% of wage earners and another 20% expected to be Unfortunate bc no key sector of this free enterprise system whether business or charity escapes the pervasive influence wielded by government through tax policy regulation wage reuirements subsidies grants and the likechokengtitiktitikchokeng 289 Thomas Paine in Common Sense Society In Every State Society in every state a blessing but Government even in its best state is but a evil in its worst state an intolerable one p 299 Opportunity and poverty in this country cannot be explained by either the American Myth that hard work is a panacea or by the Anti Myth that the system imprisons the poor Relief will come if at all in an amalgam that recognizes both the society s obligation through government and business and the individual s obligation through labor and family and the commitment of both society and individual through education If you on t know much about poverty this book may prove useful to you but go in with eyes open Shipler is at his best when he s letting the
poor folks he speaks to speak for themselves However he is very folks he speaks to speak for themselves However he is very a liberal and while he s talking with poor people we also get sympathetic interviews with bosses managers job trainers tough love social workers and the like He praises people who shape themselves and allow themselves to be shaped into well behaved obedient workers set on climbing into higher levels of workplace hierarchy His solution for the plight of the working poor is very much reformist and government centered the poor should overwhelm the rich at the voting booth and his critiue of how successful that has beencould be is nonexistent The answer comes not from below from poor people organizing themselves and building power but from government programs corporations politicians and benevolent gentry such as himself and his target audience Capitalism needs to be changed but is essentially good It epends on poverty Shipler says so uite uncritically the issue for him is that the poor are treated better and given the opportunity to get ahead so others may replace them If any of this made you cringe you might be better off finding something with a little teeth I often get into The Butterfly Club discussions with my father in law about the state of the nation problems facing workers and companies and especially the role of the government My father in law will often say the phrase People just need to work harder in response to my ueries about how to get people out of poverty oread end jobs Well I heard that phrase one too many times so I Lilith Enraptured (Divinity Warriors decided to read David Shipler s book to find out if this American Dream is as easy too as it soundsIt A manager at Barnes Nobles told me that this was a great book because it shifted blame for the problems of the poor onto the poor thus holding them accountable and providing room for personal responsibility Hardly a compelling case for me So for a long time I His Substitute Bride (Seavers Brides, didn t read it But now I have and what the BN guy said was a gross oversimplification and misreading More thoughts here s a great book This is aepressing account of many individuals who are afflicted with poverty and are with exceptions unable to escape The book provides considerable ammunition for the view that the poor are kept there by an uncaring and hostile society From the tales and analyses emerge nuggets of potential policy Tu Alma ¿La Conoces? directions For instance there is attention given to theisparity in spending for schooling based on local real estate valuation Certainly centralizing revenues and then J.M. Coetzee distributing them according to actual need would be a preferable way to address such imbalance. Ion's capital each life another aspect of a confounding far reaching urgent national crisis And unlike mostworks on poverty this oneelves into the calculations of some employers as well their razor thin profits their anxieties about competition from abroad their frustrations in finding ualified workersThis impassioned book not only Feminization and Chastity Training for the Sissy Husband (The League of Dominant Women dissects the problems but makes pointed informed recommendations for change It is a book that stands to make aifferenc. ,
Read The Working Poor Invisible in AmericaAlthough there weren t any astonishing revelations and I m not sure that s even possible with this subject matter the author id an excellent job of conveying the fragile interrelationships between education housing health upbringing transportation health insurance etc and how one problem can trigger a evastating financial setback He writes For practically every family then the ingredients of poverty are part financial and part psychological part personal and part social part past and part present Every problem magnifies the impact of the others and with results far Blue Skies and Gunfire distant from the original cause A runown apartment can exacerbate a child s asthma which leads to a call for an ambulance which generates a medical bill which cannot be paid which ruins a credit record which hikes the interest rate on an auto loan which forces the purchase of an unreliable used car which jeopardizes a mother s punctuality at work which limits her promotions and earning capacity which confines her to poor housing He then proceeds to write about real people in such circumstances And the people he writes about for the most part are hard working people struggling to stay off welfare The writing is fair and balanced and the author Forced Feminization (The League of Dominant Women doesn t assign blame One of the reviews said it was a book every American should read and read now I wouldn t go that far but Io think it s an important book and to the extent someone is in any way interested in the subject matter I recommend it highly It is a book I will want my children to read when they approach adulthood this is a very good book to read if you know a little about the policy problems facing the working poor and want to get a better idea of the human stories of people affected by them or if you 새로 만든 먼나라 이웃나라 12 - 미국 3 don t know anything about theaily lives of the working poor and need a good illustration of the thicket of problems trapping them in povertyhowever if you are looking for a systemic analysis of which policies and procedures create this poverty trap and perpetuate these conditions this is not the book for you while it gave me an extremely vivid and personal view into the lives of many individuals and families struggling with poverty in the US because of Ossos Perdidos (Temperance Brennan, different reasonsisability poor education substandard housing sexual abuse Born Fighting domestic violence etc butoes little to Dr. Simon Forman discuss how we c The Working Poor is one of my longest outstanding reviews and in the interest of continuing my review every book streak I m going to hop back in time and say a few things My remembrance hasulled slightly but I still had a bunch of uotes saved so this review will be heavy on extracts with minor commentary from me This is why writing reviews soon after reading is critical Overall my impressions were very favorable Shipler approached this topic with a great Serving Up Secrecy (Ladies of Westside deal of empathy but alsoidn t shy from presenting the people who participated in his I believe A Wartime Nurse decades spanning study in an unfavorable light The biggest strength of this book is its nuance Having grown up relatively poor myself I m hyper aware of the reductive arguments surrounding poverty in America So often people want to ascribe a person s poverty on choices that particular person has made especially if those choices run contrary to the judger s own ideology or perhaps their own morality But the American Myth also provides a means of laying blame In the Puritan legacy hard work is not merely practical but also moral its absence suggests an ethical lapse A harsh logicictates a hard judgment If a person s Split diligent work leads to prosperity if work is a moral virtue and if anyone in the society can attain prosperity through work then the failure too so is a fall from righteousness The marketplace is the fair and final judge a low wage is somehow the worker s fault for it simply reflects the low value of his labor In the American atmosphere poverty has always carried a whiff of sinfulness Shipler When Stories Clash does not allow for this type of thinking His main argument is that poverty is a part of a highly complex system each part inextricably entwined with the other As the people in these pages show working poverty is a constellation ofifficulties that magnify one another not just low wages but also low education not just ead end jobs but also limited abilities not just insufficient savings but also unwise spending not just poor housing but also poor parenting not just the lack of health insurance but also the lack of healthy households The villains are not just exploitative employers but also incapable EMPLOYEES NOT JUST OVERWORKED TEACHERS BUT ALSO DEFEATED AND not just overworked teachers but also efeated and pupils not just bureaucrats who cheat the poor but also the poor who cheat themselves The troubles run strongly along both macro and micro levels as systemic problems in the structure of political and economic power and as individual problems in personal and family life All of the problems have to be attacked at once There are also candid The Extra Cadaver Murder discussions regarding wageisparity which examine common arguments surrounding the raising of the minimum wage This was
commentary considering are still fighting this battle tirelessly and making very little progress Shipler highlights that one of the biggest hurdles in raising the wages of the working poor is the comparison of those wages to the wages of others in positions Perfect Girl Evolution Vol. 6 deemed worthy oreserving of money So essentially we are promoting a predatory and unsustainable system based purely on a belief system about which jobs matter than other jobs Generally of course this is tied back to a college education and the cost thereof though that is another can of worms altogether Pretty soon we ve got these people who are being paid than they really should be paid he eclared Other employers echoed the conviction that there was a right wage for a job and that if they raised their manual laborers pay they would have to o the same for their foremen accountants and executives to maintain a substantial Dark Ties (Broken Saints Society distance between salaries Shipler alsoiscusses the common and in my opinion Um Fogo Eterno despicable arguments regarding whether poor people should be shamed for buying luxury items such as cable TV premium foods or and this one we hear all the time cell phones They are caught between America s hedonism and inictum that the poor are supposed to sacrifice suffer and certainly not purchase any fun for themselves So Ann Brash gets raised eyebrows when she buys raspberries and many others come under criticism for such indulgences as cable TV The monthly cable bills cause acid indigestion in some people who Lawn Boy Returns do anti poverty work and the harshest critics seem to be those who were once poor themselves Another facet that Iidn t expect Shipler to tackle but which really added Yolandas Genius depth to his argument was the inclusion of the struggles of undocumented workers in America It s a contentious issue now than ever spits in theirection of our president but it needs to be The Fairytale Hairdresser and Sleeping Beauty discussed Because there are millions of people supporting the backbone of our economy that we love to pretendon t exist or else love to prete. As David K Shipler makes clear in this powerful humane study the invisible poor are engaged in the activity most respected in American ideology hard honest work But their version of the American Dream is a nightmare low paying ead end jobs; the profound failure of government to improve upon ecaying housing health care and education; the failure of families to break the patterns of child abuse and substance abuse Shipler exposes the interlocking probl. Nd exist as nothing than malicious leeches when the reality is far sobering Being undocumented is precarious Fearing The First Mistake deportation you will think twice about contesting your wages or working conditions You will be ineligible for government benefits except free school breakfast and lunch programs emergency Medicaid immunizations and treatment for communicableiseases And you ll suffer from less obvious inconveniences such as the lack of a bank account which will cost you in fees when you transfer money In other words American government and business gain financially from your inability to legalize your presence in the country As I said Shipler presents an even handed case and he isn t afraid to say when people make Jewelry Making For Beginners decisions thato push them farther into the brutal slipstream of poverty Blame who has it and who ought to have it is a huge theme Rarely are they infuriated by their conditions and when their anger surfaces it is often misdirected against their spouses their children or their co workers They o not usually blame their bosses their government their country or the hierarchy of wealth as they reasonably could They often blame themselves and they are sometimes right to o so My main criticism with Shipler s work was that we actually spent a little too long in the minutiae of each of his case studies For example he usually elucidates an argument by providing a real life example with a familyperson living in poverty These stories could go on forever The Penguin Book of English Verse detailing every singleetail of a particular person s sob story to be so crude even after the point had already been made and the reader was ready to move on Personally I would have rather Shipler spent a little less time on the subjective personal accounts and on some firm solutions One of my frustrations was that Shipler presents all this fantastic commentary and then falls just short of offering up solutions such as socialized medicine socialized education limits on the amount CEOs are allowed to earn in comparison to their lowest paid employee etc I wanted of that and Seven Secrets of Happiness didn t really get it At the end of theay I found great value in this book and would recommend it to everyone ESPECIALLY if you have rudely judged people s poverty based on perceived laziness spending beyond their means for example possessing cell phones or cable TV having too many children having children out of wedlockas a single mother having poor educationnot attending college etc This book is for you if you are that person as I think many of us have been at one point or other in our lives especially if you grew up poor and managed to miraculously claw your way up out of it Stop opening up your mouth to spew judgment and sit The Killer Cats Birthday Bash (The Killer Cat, down to listen for a change This book is not what you would call a pick me upper I had to set itown sometimes and come back to the stories of so many families fighting on so many fronts It was exhausting to read about the way so many have to fight just to stay above water and hold their families together or wishing sometimes they would let some parts of the family go It was a reminder that if you are able to spend time reading books for fun much less spending time commenting on them online you are very blessedI highly recommend this book to all areas of the political spectrum and especially for those who feel inclined to pass judgement on the poor and their work ethic I appreciated the author s honesty in showing the mistakes and flaws of the people involved and his insight into the ways that our government charities businesses fail the people they try to help I am also awed by those who stand in the trenches and extend their hands to helpI wish there were take away actions The Force of Destiny do these three things and we can really solve this but the fact is thatoing so would undermine the point of the book It is a complex situation with complex answers I hope to learn about what I can o to affect the changes needed so that families can step away from the brink and start functioning againcritical commentary considering
liked this book pretty well The author spent a lot of time talking with people of How I Became a Nun different races backgrounds about their poverty and also with social workers who help them and with their employers Poverty was self imposed in all cases These peopleropped out of school had a stack of illegitimate kids they couldn t support got involved in crime used alcohol and The Rose Tattoo and Other Plays drugs and even when they got jobs they just fail to go in to work or orientations and not call in They made bad life choices and never learned from them I felt horrible for the women who had been abused as kids and teens but hey I too suffered physical emotional and sexual abuse but The Undoing Project did notrop out of school I have a high school First Flight (Dragon School diploma a bachelor segree and a master s The Lone Man degree all earned with honors from fully accredited schools Iid not have any children out Of Wedlock I Refused wedlock I refused get involved with or marry an abusive man I have never smoked runk alcohol or used illegal rugs nor abused legal ones These women just The Amazing Adventures of Dietgirl didifferently and locked themselves into misery I am sorry for them but I have no respect for anyone who hates what went on before then continues through life to keep making the same stupid mistakes I felt no pity for the illegal aliens They had no right to come here so as far as I am concerned they Skills for Practice in Occupational Therapy deserve whatever horrible things that happen to them Io feel for legal immigrants however This is easy to read without jargon It is full of personal stories and I liked the book Summary Poverty is caused by complex interactions between personal and societalbusinessgovernmental failures The poor are affected strongly by small mistakesmisfortunes that snowball Voice and Articulation Drillbook due to lack of safety net The most heinous problems to me were sexual abusedomestic violence p 162 At the extremes of theebate liberals Sailing don t want to see theysfunctional family and conservatives want to see nothing else Depending on the ideology Aloha Rodeo destructive parenting is either not a cause or the only cause of poverty Neither stereotype is correct In my research along the edges of poverty Iidn t find many adults without troubled childhoods and I came to see those histories as both cause and effect intertwined with the myriad other ifficulties of money housing schooling health job and neighborhood that reinforce one another The interactions were escribed by Dr Robert Needleman a behavioral pediatrician who sees children from all socio economic levels in Cleveland Horrendous parenting can cause severe behavior problems that have as part ofI liked this book pretty well The author spent a lot of time talking with people of ifferent races
them ifficulty in paying attention he said It takes a lotdifficulty in paying attention he said It takes a lot psychological health to be able to go to school and pay attention to a teacher and care and o the work The kids who o that are healthy Really bad parenting can prevent that p162 3 A Balti malnutrition clinic video tapes parents feeding their children to show them their mistakes In one a little boy sits in a highchair playing with his food but not eating His mother watches for a moment then pulls out a magazine and reads Nothing ever goes into his mouth and she pays no attention. Ems by taking us into the sorrowful infuriating courageous lives of the poor white and black Asian and Latino citizens and immigrants We encounter them every ay for they Mafalda 9 (LUMEN GRFICA) do jobs essential to the American economyWe meetrifting farmworkers in North Carolina exploited garment workers in New Hampshire illegal immigrants trapped in the steaming kitchens of Los Angeles restaurants addicts who struggle into productive work from the cruel streets of the nat. .