Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org


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  1. says: READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis

    Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org This nonfiction is unlike others Michael Lewis has offered us In this he tries the trick of explaining confusion by demonstrating confusion but near the end of this work we appreciate again Lewis’ distinctive clarity and

  2. says: Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org

    READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD Being a baseball lover one of my favorite books is Michael Lewis' Moneyball where he follows the low budget 2002 Oakland A's during their remarkable division winning season I found this book informative while also exploring the business of baseball What made this book special is that Lewis made baseball interesting for people who are not usual fans of the sport Lately I kept seeing reviews of Lewis' new book The Undoing

  3. says: FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD

    Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Originally reviewed in January 2017After reading about this book I pre ordered it six months before its release date It's about the w

  4. says: READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org

    Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds This is a great story about two genius psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky They did groundbreaking research that led to improved understanding of how we make decisions Although their personalities were total op

  5. says: Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD

    FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD First of all I feel somewhat guilty about the rating Some parts of the book I liked very much Michael Lewis writes well b

  6. says: FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org

    Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD I will be bold and confidently tell you what this book is all aboutHumans making decisions are inherently handi

  7. says: Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD

    READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Amos Tversky and David Kahneman are psychologists who met in Israel in the 1960’s Though very different in personality they became very close friends and went on to collaborate in producing a number of papers concerning what came to be known

  8. says: READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org

    Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org It is a testament to Michael Lewis' writing that chunks of the psychological research featured in this book were beyond my comprehension and yet I still enjoyed reading it

  9. says: Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis

    FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD “He suggested a new definition of the nerd a person who knows his own mind well enough to mistrust it” ― Michael Lewis The Undoi

  10. says: Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org Michael Lewis · 6 READ & DOWNLOAD READ The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds

    Ebook Download The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds – chiangshistory.org To start with the mundane and annoying for a book with this much technical content terms and names an index almost seems a necessity yet none was provided More footendnotes and perhaps a fuller bibliography would be helpful too We must support the popularization of scholarly topics and I’ve read that it takes on average at least 20 years for new ideas analyses and discoveries to move out of the academic curriculum of higher ed

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The Undoing Project A Friendship That Changed Our Minds

FREE READ ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB · Michael Lewis

This nonfiction is unlike others Michael Lewis has offered us In this he tries the trick of explaining confusion by demonstrating confusion but near the end of this work we appreciate again Lewis distinctive clarity and well developed sense of irony as he addresses a very conseuential collaboration in the history of ideas Lewis did something else he d not done before as well By the end of this book I was bawling aloud in total sync with what Lewis was trying to convey why humans do what we doDaniel Kahneman is a psychologist who won the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics What is emarkable about that statement is also what is emarkable about Lewis attempt to explain it Lewis made us feel the chaos and the unlikelihood of such a success in this case of ever finding that one person who complements another so perfectly that the two literally spur one another to greater accomplishment From a vast array of possible choices opportunities and directions come two psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky who together add up to than the sum of their partsOne thing became clear about the groundbreaking work done by Kahneman and Tversky despite the curiosity drive and iconoclastic talent each possessed their moments of greatest crossover elevance came as a esult of the involvement of the other This could push the discussion into an examination of the importance of pairs in creativity but Lewis esists that thread to follow what he calls a love story to the end to the breakup of the two men Once the closest of friends and collaborators the eason for their breakup is at least as instructive as anything else Lewis could have chosen to focus on and it makes a helluva story full of poignancy Kahneman was an idea man throwing up new psychological insights constantly beginning with his early work ecruiting and training Israeli soldiers for the front line Tversky was a widely admired mathematical psychologist iconoclast and skeptic who challenged accepted thinking and in so doing provided new ways to look at old problems Just by asking uestions he could lead others to find innovative solutions Both Israelis were teaching at the University of Michigan in the 1960s but their paths didn t overlap until later back in Israel In one of the classes he taught at Hebrew University Kahneman challenged guest lecturer Tversky s discussion on how people make decisions in conditions of uncertainty In this instance Kahneman became the iconoclast the skeptic pulling the ug from underneath Tversky The challenge got under Tversky s skin but instead of falling prey to anger Tversky was galvanized Colleagues who saw him at this time ecall his unusually intense period of uestioning After a period of time the men came together again and thus began one of the ichest and most ewarding periods of intellectual collaboration in modern timesTogether both men were able to isolate some important pieces in the thinking seuences of humans who were presumed to maximize utility in ational logical decision trees It took many years to isolate what struck them as incomplete or incorrect in the accepted thinking of others but what they concluded evolutionized the thinking in several disciplines including economics and baseballLewis s earlier book Moneyball The Art of Winning an Unfair Game discussed how an algorithm assigning different weights to individual characteristics of baseball draft picks could by pass the errors human tend to make when looking over a list of potential players This is elated in a distant way to the illogic discovered in the decision trees Kahneman and Tversky discussed and unfortunately Lewis decides to evisit the breakthrough in his own understanding at the beginning of this book Describing that tangential esult of the men s essential discovery unnecessarily complicates and obfuscates Lewis central thrust in this book the elationship between two men who supercharge their achievements when they are together Once Lewis settles into the eal subject of his book his writing becomes familiarly crystalline filled with science and emotion describing a singularly fascinating taleParticularly interesting is Lewis attention to how ideas develop Lewis tries in several instances to get to the moment of insight and then to the moments of greater insight which might lead finally to upturning accepted beliefs about how one thinks the world must work Happiness and egret both came under the microscopes of these men "and it was hugely insightful for them to discover that egret was "it was hugely insightful for them to discover that egret was impelling emotion People often made decisions to minimize egret ather than maximize happiness This led to the discovery that the value of positive goods decreased after a certain level of attainment while the value of negative bads never lost their bite Which could be another way of describing the apparently supreme need to minimize loss ather than maximize gain Which led to the discovery that people often gamble against what had been perceived as their own interestsThe two men were opposites of one another Kahneman a heavy smoker whose office was messy and disordered and Tversky who hated smoking with an office so well organized it looked empty For a Period Of Almost Twenty Years During The of almost twenty years during the of their greatest output they could often be found together talking or writing one another if apart They published hugely influential papers and became the toast of several continents The closeness of the two men appeared to have no discrepancy until gradually over time Tversky became better known and popular in scientific and academic circles The euilibrium of the elationship was thus unbalanced and a period of estrangement led the men in different directions The entire story in Lewis hands is wonderfully moving If you can thrash your way through the thicket of ideas at the entrance to the main epository of ideas in this book prepare yourselves to be utterly delighted Originally eviewed in January 2017After eading about this book I pre ordered it six months before its elease date It s about the work of the psychologist Daniel Kahneman who published Thinking Fast and Slow in 2011 and his late collaborator Amos Tversky Thinking Fast and Slow had a big impact on me Moreover The Undoing Project s author is Michael Lewis of Moneyball and The Big Short fame That s about all I knew of him Around the book s elease date there was a flurry of publicity interviews I watched several including the long one with Charlie Rose Michael Lewis could hold his own and articulate his subjects work Besides being a writer of best selling nonfiction some of which have been made into popular movies Michael Lewis has an undergraduate degree in art history and a Master s in economics He s worked as a trader then esigned to write his first book Liar s Poker published back in 1989 just after he d turned 29 He became a financial journalist and has written for an array of well known magazines including a stint as a senior editor at The New RepublicThis book The Undoing Project focuses on the biographies of Kahneman and Tversky not only on their ideas and work That s not why I ead it That that s what Lewis had to do to appeal to his usual wide eadership made me a little cynical In the book Daniel Kahneman becomes Danny The ups and downs of their elationship and the whys and wherefores of their collaborative creativity are a large part of THE BOOK IN MY MIND S EYE I FORESEE book In my mind s eye I foresee movie turning the two men into marketable personalities such as Oliver Sacks became in the movie Awakenings I wonder how Danny is feeling about that Yet that may be the price of cluing people into their work The Undoing Project is a best seller and Lewis ole here is as a popularizerHe uses biography with its temporal correlate as one of his organizing principles proceeding through ideas to some extent in the order they were hatched but that doesn t necessarily help in the eader s grasping and ordering the ideas That s one of my complaints You won t necessarily be impacted by the ideas You won t necessarily see that they apply to you although they do For that ead Kahneman s own book Thinking Fast and Slow Lewis says Kahneman is a star in the classroom a contention supported by the fact that he s a star in that book a genius of a teacher Kahneman has a subsection in his own book called CAN PSYCHOLOGY BE TAUGHT wh. Forty years ago Israeli psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky wrote a series of breathtakingly original papers that invented the field of behavioral economics One of the greatest pa. Ich I transmuted into the broader uestion Can people be led to look at themselves and on the basis of his book I answered YesAnother of my complaints about The Undoing Project is the first chapter which is completely dedicated to basketball Although Lewis touches on the ideas he s going to bring out later in the book the chapter is not that comprehensible to those who don t follow basketball I guess it s another nod to his general eadershipNow for the good partDespite the way the book is organized the overload of biography and that opening chapter Michael Lewis is able to write clearly and succinctly about the cognitive illusions that bias our decisions Having been previously introduced to those concepts I experienced the book as a efresher course and directly upon plunging in breathed a sigh of elief as I felt my perspective clearing under its influenceThe book covers the usual territory heuristics bias the weakness of expert judgment elative to algorithms the cognitive illusions to which humans are subject Heuristic the term coined to eflect uick and dirty ules of thumb that to a degree work except when they don t and lead us astray For example the availability heuristic the easily something comes to mind the important and ight we think it isAnd yes it s science not theory that is all esearch basedRather than going into a lot of detail to describe it though I can attach a link or two and then use most of my space here to describe some fun partsFor example knowledge is prediction What do you think about thatIn the basketball chapter Lewis describes how expert intuition failed to predict hence the elative success of algorithms in giving an advantage to the team depending on them instead of conventional expert judgmentTransitioning from basketball to baseball here s an informative 2003 eview of Moneyball by Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein who figure in The Undoing Project Surprisingly when Michael Lewis wrote Moneyball he d never heard of Kahneman and Tversky or their work He cites this eview in his introduction The picture is of Billy Beane not Lewis Lewis uses the techniue of embedding the stories of various individuals whose careers and lives were impacted by Kahneman and Tversky s work That techniue I find useful maybe because I too find their work impactful Richard Thaler one of the authors of The New Republic article I linked is an economist who was having trouble finding his way in a field then based on the assumption that people were ational The assumption had entailed that although people did err they were essentially ational their errors thus could be assumed to be andomly distributed outweighed and meaningless Instead people s behavior was characterized by systematic error If error was systematic it could not be ignoredThaler got someone to send him a draft of Value Theory He instantly saw it for what it was a truck packed with psychology that might be driven into inner sanctums of economics and exploded The logic in the paper was awesome overpowering The paper blew a hole in economic theory for psychology to enter That eally is the magic of the paper said Thaler showing you could do it Math with psychology in it The paper was what an economist would call proof of existence It captured so much of human natureThat sounds like such a thrill eally gets my iconoclastic juices flowing There are so many examples of ways our thinking and decisions are shaped framing for example for people perception of a loss depends on framing which is manipulable Two monkeys are satisfied when each is ewarded by a cucumber but let one get a banana and all hell breaks loose You earn a certain amount that you think is easonable for work on a project an amount that is greater than others in your group Now say you earn the exact same amount but discover your peers eceived twice as much Suddenly the previously sufficient amount is grossly inadeuate That s just one example but one with which I d become familiar since framing or eframing had entered the therapeutic lexiconAnother personage whose life and work surfaces in the book is Donald Redelmeier a physician who as a esult of having come across Kahneman and Tversky s work on judgment under uncertainty as a teenager came to oversee decision making in a trauma center as a preventive for systematic errors The "article was called Judgment Under Uncertainty Heuristics and Biases It was in eual "was called Judgment Under Uncertainty Heuristics and Biases It was in eual familiar and strange what the hell was a heuristic Redelmeier was seventeen ykears old and some of the jargon was beyond him But the article described three
Ways In Which People Made 
in which people made when they didn t know the answer for sure The names the author had given these epresentativeness availability anchoring were at once weird and secudtive They made the phenomenon they described feel like secret knowledge And yet what they were saying struck Redelmeier as the simple truth mainly because he was fooled by the uestions they put to the eader He too guessed that the guy they named Dick and described so blandly was eually likely to be a lawyer or an engineer even though he came from a pool that was mostly lawyers He too made a different prediction when he was given worthless evidence than when he was given no evidence at all He too thought that there were words in a typical passage of English prose that started with K than had K in the third position because words that began with K were easier to ecall This wasn t just about how many words in the English language started with the letter K This was about life and death That article was thrilling than a movie to me said RedelmeierLet me not forget to mention that people are geniuses of ationalization We can t predict what s going to happen but once something does happen we connect the dots to make whatever it was appear to have been inevitable An occupational hazard of historians thus is to connect observed facts into a confident sounding theory while neglecting the unobserved or unobservable facts A similar hazard for social science experimenters is to take esults that contradict the hypothesis and social science experimenters is to take esults that contradict the hypothesis and them ather than discarding the hypothesis as flawed Thus it is that talking heads of all sorts can often cover up their errors in prediction and simply keep on talkingAt one point Kahneman and Tversky were enad of something called Decision Theory thinking that presidents and prime ministers could be educated and aided in logic like emergency oom physicians until coming up against the fact that powerful people usually men mostly had no interest at all in knowing about their mistakes Here is a New York Magazine eview of The Undoing Project that tells a little about that shares an additional uote from the book and makes the frightening connection to the Age of Trump article makes eference a Social and Behavioral Science Team in the Obama White House Yes most but not all leaders wish to emain oblivious to their gaps in making good decisions former President Obama had a team in place to aid the government in using the new cognitive knowledge for the common good of the American people and it emained in place until the last minute Here s a link to an article about it from the January 23 2017 issue of The New Yorker nowthe team if it even continued to exist in the new Administration would soon belong to one of the most anti science President elects in history who has called climate change a hoax spread unproven claims about vaccinations ties to autism and mocked new brain science backed NFL guidelines to prevent concussions saying that football had grown softSad what we are losing Two steps forward and it appears a giant step backward But we can still learn Little simple things that make a differenceSuch as from the same New Yorker articleThe team advised Obama officials on how to uash false claims that the President was a Muslim Instead of saying No Obama is not a Muslim which simply increased association by epetition it was better to counter with Actually Obama is a Christian In the Kahneman vernacular just denying Obama is a Muslim played on the availability heuristic Even though the content the words deny the charge by epeating it they made it come to mind easier and thus seem true and elevant The second option stating that Obama is a Christian interfered It threw a little bit of a monkey wrench into. Rtnerships in the history of science Kahneman and Tversky’s extraordinary friendship incited a evolution in Big Data studies advanced evidence based medicine led to a new approach to gove.
Slave Again (Whispers of Refuge
,

Promulgation of the problematic beliefThis stuff is useful If this is how our minds work if that s the sort of thing that is working on our minds anyway then what constitutes free will is grasping that knowledge and using it for the sake of better thinking Reason developed not to enable us to solve abstract logical problems or even to help us draw conclusions from unfamiliar data ather it developed to esolve the problems posed by living in collaborative groupsThere was little advantage in easoning clearly while much was to be gained from winning arguments Elizabeth Kolbert Why Facts Don t Change Our Minds Issue of February 27 2017 And here s a new eview of The Undoing Project from April 20 2017 in which the eviewer is concerned about the potential for unconscious manipulation that is that cognitive science is being used to manipulate ather than to emove the sources of bias But he may be missing the degree to which cognitive science concerns how things are not pushing how things should be that we e already swimming in a sea of pressures and biases that eason isn t what we think it is October 11 2017 When I was eading and eviewing this book I was critical of Michael Lewis focus on elationship issues I even thought that focus was in the service of an eventual movie But subseuently an aspect of the elationship and its eventual breakdown is what has stayed with me The two principals had an extraordinarily intense and creative working elationship that they described as instantaneous sharing of ideas and uncritical acceptance as though two people were sharing one mind Then they moved to another country One of them got divorced and emarried They no longer worked at the same university One of them was charismatic and impressive and got disproportionately ewarded by the world so that he became convinced he was the valuable partner and even began to take sole credit for work they had done together Yet the other may have been the main source of their new ideasAmos changed said Danny When I gave him an idea he would look for what was good in it For what was ight with it That for me was the happiness in the collaboration He understood me better than I understood myself He stopped doing that my italicsWhat changes people What frees them and lets them be who they are supposed to be What saves them or activates them and eally makes the difference Something like what was going on with Kahneman and Tversky But it can t be applied mechanically or as a techniue And it has nothing to do with being niceI don t think I m in Kansas the territory of cognitive psychology any Richard Thaler has just won the Nobel in Economics First of all I feel somewhat guilty about the ating Some parts of the book I liked very much Michael Lewis writes well but I believe he has fallen short here Lewis is best at setting up an underdog who beats the system in sports the financial markets etc He has attempted the same here about Tversky and Kahneman But eading about academics who challenge conventional wisdom in the field of psychology is less interesting than financial traders who short the mortgage market or adoptive parents who help their talented son beat the odds and get drafted to the NFL or who compile a winning sports team through metricsThe first chapter is not at all about Kahneman and Tversky but about the use of metrics by the Houston Rockets in the NBA Very interesting to me but it appeared to be some creative ecycling by the author of some good material he never worked into book length Then the book launched into some very interesting biographical information about Kahneman and Tversky By the middle of the book however I was bogged down into what I felt were interminable descriptions of faculty politics and various surveys designed by K and T to demonstrate irrational thinking Then they broke up and spoiler alert Tversky died I felt the book could never eally decide if it was a biographical appreciation or an explanation of their theoriesGiven that Kahneman wrote his own successful book aimed at a popular audience Thinking Fast and Slow is this book merely the esult of Lewis pitch to possible movie producers I suspect that Lewis made much money from the movies made from his books than from the books themselves Amos Tversky and David Kahneman are PSYCHOLOGISTS WHO MET IN ISRAEL IN who met in Israel in 1960 s Though very different in personality they became very close friends and went on to collaborate in producing a number of papers concerning what came to be known as behavioural economics or in layman s terms the psychology of judgement and decision making In essence they argued that departures in human ational thought can be predicted and its impacts calculated To demonstrate this they concocted numerous scenarios and asked students and others to choose between various courses of action In so doing they demonstrated that some favoured choices were just not logical They went on to share their thoughts on why these illogical choices were dominant and how such esponses could be anticipated The theories they propounded have been largely accepted and have had significant positive impacts in many fields economics science law and public policy to name just a few This book explains their theories to some degree but it s main focus is on them as individuals their lives personalities and backgrounds and on how they worked together They effectively set themselves up in a oom away from others and verbalised and their thoughts and built on and challenged the ideas that surfaced In so doing they effectively became one voice it was very much a working marriage Like any marriage it eventually suffered ups and downs and the human side of this account is both fascinating and at times sad I can t claim that I became an expert in behavioural economics as a esult of this book but a basic understanding of the udiments was enough to give me insight into the significance of their work Ok it s a bit dry in places but I did enjoy insight into the significance of their work Ok It S A Bit Dry s a bit dry places but I did enjoy my toe into the water of an area in which I had no previous knowledge He suggested a new definition of the nerd a person who knows his own mind well enough to mistrust it Michael Lewis The Undoing Project A Friendship that Changed Our MindsTversky Intelligence Test The faster you ealized Tversky was smarter than you the smarter you wereI love Michael Lewis His ability for finding an idea that is centered on a person and then telling that person s story is phenomenal He isn t the only one that does it John McPhee is a master at this angle perhaps THE master Lewis just does it very very well This book is basically a book about the development of behavioral economics or at least the thread of behavioral economics that came from two Israeli psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky These men were two brilliant academics drawn together by a marriage of knowledge and they created a family of ideas elated to Cognitive psychology Judgment and decision making Behavioral economics Hedonic psychologyThey wrote evolutionary papers on anchoring and adjustment availability heuristic base ate fallacy conjunction fallacy framing behavioral finance clustering illusion loss aversion prospect theory cumulative prospect theory epresentativeness heuristicI first heard of these men when I was studying public policy back in my young college days The professor I worked under had his PhD from Chicago and was constantly throwing various funky economic articles etc at us It was through this professor I was first exposed to Steven Levitt and Stephen J Dubner see Freakonomics Dan Ariely AND Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky I loved behavioral economics I m not sure what it is about multi disciplinary approaches but I ve always loved them I often find academic fields to be too insular too artificial In a way there are huge gaps that never get covered because they don t fit easily into one field or any field Those academics who are willing to learn another language and take their search for truth beyond economics or math or physics biology chemistry or psychology and utilize the language and processes of other fields THRILL me So while there wasn t much on the academic side here I wasn t already familiar with from things I ve ead the lsat 20 years I LOVED eading about Kahneman and Tversky and some of the other minor players in this boo. Rnment egulation and made much of Michael Lewis’s own work possible In The Undoing Project Lewis shows how their Nobel Prize–winning theory of the mind altered our perception of eality.

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