Aristocrats Some of these citizenships are worth a great deal than
#others the Swiss being the best and Afghan perhaps the east #the Swiss being the best and Afghan perhaps the The New Baby least measured both by the global mobility that the passport afford as well as the social benefits the holder can claim from the state As Sam Moyn and others have pointed out citizenship in a particular state is the still the primary vehicle through which rights are claimed Many of these passport entrepreneurs combine hucksterism with ideological passion either of aibertarian sort claiming they are undoing arbitrary and repressive government regulations or a humanitarian sort claiming they are solving the problem of statelessness Both types also claimed that by providing a new income statelessness Both types also claimed that by providing a new income to these poor islands they were kick starting a development process that in the case of the Comoros involved imagining these islands as a future Arab HawaiiPart of what is most interesting about Abrahamian s account is the varied customers for these passports for sale On the one hand the primary customers consist of the most privileged people on the planet who prefer to have multiple passports since each one comes with a particular mix of privileges these are the primary customers that the ibertarian hucksters see themselves as serving In this phase of the story we seem to have a classic story about globalization eroding national sovereignties with these passport entrepreneurs promoting themselves as avatars of modernization and global cosmopolitanism against the atavistic mono citizenship regimes inherited from the 20th century Abrahamian asks some difficult uestions here about the relationship between the rights that come with citizenship and the duties that may also attend with the same mainly to criticize the deeply uneual nature of different sorts of citizenship as well as the absurdity of having basic political rights becoming a tradable commodity Citizenship far from being a universal category that provides the basis for universal human rights turns out to be as varied in its ualities as the states that supply them What s clear however is that having passports means you have rights and so for many globe trotting elites having multiple passports represents both a convenience and a political insurance policy in case things get dicey for them in a particular ocale A foreign passport can serve as a P.I. Daddys Personal Mission (The Coltons of Montana, literal get out of jail free cardBut the other category of consumers for these commercial passports is even intriguing namely the stateless for whom the possibility of a being able to purchase a passport and thus finally gain access to the the right to have rights as Arendt put it might seemike an unmitigated blessing Here however is where Abrahamian s story turns particularly interesting and dark It turns out that in the case of the Comoran passports some of the biggest customers turn out to have been the Kuwaiti and Emirati governments which were interested in purchasing thousands of Comoran passports in order to give them to the bidoon The bidoon are Gulf Born Residents Who For Various Reasons born residents who for various reasons because their forebears had been immigrants from elsewhere did not claim or receive citizenship status when the opportunity arose in the postwar period The statelessness of the bidoon have been a political embarrassment for years one made worse by the progressive hardening of the Gulf states definitions of citizenship in the wake of Ira s invasion of Kuwait in 1990 which was prompted in part by a desire to re write the kinds of state and citizenship Say Youll Stay And Marry Me lines that the Brits and French beueathed to the middle east as part of the postcolonial succession In the rising commercialized passport industry these governments saw a brilliant solution to their dilemma of what to do about these people who theiregal machinations had rendered stateless by giving them a Comoran passport these Rafaellos Mistress lifelong residents of the Gulf states could now be declared visaess foreigners and deportedNeedless to say this wasn t what most of the bidoon wanted themselves what they wanted was Emirati or Kuwaiti citizenship since these passports are far valuable For example Kuwaiti citizens get 55Kyear in direct cash transfers from their government than those associated with some remote and impoverished Indian Ocean archipelago Thus the great irony the process of expanding citizenship to the undocumented worked in practice to violate their subjective desires while the Gulf States attempted to deploy the The Boleyn King (The Boleyn Trilogy, language of human eg political rights as a way to deflect economic social and spatial claims making Thus are the ironies of theiberal global human rights regime in an age where everything even citizenship becomes a commodit. Ding passport burning atheist hackers the new Knights of Malta California Rascal libertarian seasteaders who are residents of floating city states Bidoons who have been forced to be citizens of the island nation Comoros entrepreneurs in the business of buying and selling passports cosmopolites whoive on a uxury cruise ship called The World and shady businessmen with ties to Syrian dictator Bashar al Assad. At first I tread through this book extremely as I remembered That Historical Don T don t on me type saying but ater on I found Abrahamian s style incredibly harmless positive and constructive for this brave new world that we are building togetherAbout halfway through I remembered to check the back for the endnotes She does not note where each comment is inserted where it is meant but I am OK with that as what she had to say intrigued meIt encouraged me to check out the paper Al Jazeera a ittle bit often Beforehand I thought maybe I shouldn t since I Was Honestly Just Willing To Hide In My Closet With honestly just willing to hide in my closet with cats since the world is a terrifying place But seriously my International Relations professor discussed Al Jazeera right alongside the New York Times Why not There s a couple of interesting story arcs in this anthology of extra citizenship and a tolerable minimum of filler There s in the way of uncritical reporting than actual analysis though every mention of Bitcoin makes my teeth itch Fascinating stuff I wish it had expanded a ittle bit to discuss global immigration trends or trends with regard to visas and passports Nonetheless it goes into some really detailed discussions on specific issues for example the purchasing of Comorosian citizenship by the Kuwait government so that they could get rid of their stateless people or the passport industry of St Kitts and Nevis which now makes up around 25% of their entire GDP Would recommend This is a marvelous book I knew virtually nothing about how citizenships are sold nowadays by the rich who want useful passports either for international travel or to avoid taxes eg did you know that one of Facebooks co founders renounced his US citizenship in order to avoid taxes as well as by the poor Kuwait the Emirates etc are trying to get rid of their stateless population by deporting them with freshly bought passports Definitely gets you to think about the concept of a nation and borders 2500 years after the first cynics and stoics hated the idea and thought of themselves as being cosmopolites This was an interesting book but it wasn t as varied as I had expected I started re reading this book during uarantine because of the situation we re all faced inThis book is a great read as it examines a good variety of ways citizenship has been commercialized and also in a sense weaponized wealthy and white you re an expat hard working and from a third world country you re an immigrant poor or black or on the brink of death you re a migrant the sale of citizenshipspeaks to the arbitrariness of the concept of belonging to a nation to begin with One of my colleagues recommended this book though I can t recall how he or she used it or the subject matter of the class I currently teach a writing class and am interested in using a theme of global engagementcitizenship so this Narcissus in Chains (Anita Blake, Vampire Hunter, looks interesting It s absolutely not what I was expectingI figured the book would be about seeing beyond national borders to see ourselves as citizens of the entire world thus making international concerns our own and that was actually not far off in some ways Abrahamian focuses on the issues of those people who are notegally or officially recognized as citizens of any country I would argue that a significant part of the population in the US doesn t have to worry about that I know I certainly didn t But for people who were Cinderella for a Night (36 Hours, legally in a country until they suddenly weren tife is close to a guessing game The book also Friend Foe looks at countries who are not well off economically and how business people can take advantages by buying and selling citizenship This is what happens when whole countries have agreements to honor the passports and citizenship of other countries It s politically and economically convenient and apparently it s also a pretty successful business But countries that weren t well off to begin with still aren t well off It s sort ofike having the World Cup and Olympics in Brazil police brutality unemployment political instability and horrendous violations and rape of women aren t going away anytime soonI m The Longevity Diet living in a time where my passport isn t a big deal I mean I can t just goive in Italy but my passport will get me there and home and I won t be arrested and moved to some other country that I ve never known And I don t think the possibility of a President Donald Trump will change that necessarily But man we re talking a Grassroots Innovation lot about borders these days and it s worrisome that all it takes is a politician s signature that can so dramatically change the worldThere really is no closure to this issue of course it s still happening But I think it really effectively brings up the The cosmopolites areiterally citizens of the world from the Greek word kosmos meaning world and polites or citizen Garry Davis aka World Citizen No 1 and creator of the World Passport was a former Broadway actor and World War II bomber pilot who renounced his American citizenship in 1948 as a form of protest against nationalism sovereign borders and war Today there are cosmopolites of all stripes ri.
Ebook Book The Cosmopolites ´ Atossa Araxia Abrahamian – chiangshistory.org
Aristocrats Some of these citizenships are worth a great deal than