[EPUB] Ghettoside A True Story of Murder in America BY Jill Leovy – chiangshistory.org
This book is about a very simple idea where the criminal justice system fails to respond vigorously to violent injury and eath homicide becomes endemic To veteran police investigator John Skaggs the nation s collective shrug toward homicide was incomprehensible He sensed also that public indifference made his job Hunter Killer (Pike Logan difficult the author on pages 8 and 11 Ghettosideeserves to share shelf space with A Good Month for Murder by Del uentin Wilber and one of my a This is not a perfect book In her passion for the subject and her glowing respect for LA Homicide Detective John Skaggs Leovy s effusive praise can feel overstated venturing into fangirl territory as if she were writing up an application essay to have Skaggs knighted or appointed to sainthood But I m going to cut her some slack since this book is extremely well researched and powerfully presented Leovy has been embedded for years in the crime area she is writing about the infamous South Central Los Angeles This isn t an outsider elbowing her way into the uagmire of violence but rather an LA citizen that Brazen and the Beast (The Bareknuckle Bastards, deeply cares about the plague of murdersevastating LA County s young black men and the tragic toll it has taken on those who loved them While the narrative arc for the book is to cover in The Friend Zone depth one particular homicide that of 18 year old African American Bryant Tennelle son of Wallace Tennelle a highly respectedetective with the Los Angeles police Leovy Flying Scotsman Manual does a great job balancing the intimateetails of this case with a larger encompassing analysis of race relations in America and the rise of Los Angeles gangs and black on black homicidal violence The statistics she presents are both shocking and Alpha (Shifters, depressing for example African American males make up just 6 percent of the country s population but nearly 40 percent of those murdered Further in the wake of improving national crime statistics even for LA County homicide remains the No 1 cause ofeath for African American males ages 15 to 34 So Leovy wants to try and put some of this numbing tragedy into a meaningful context how have the lives of young black men become so cheap Why has this bloody pattern of black on black violence become so commonplace And what needs to be Whalerider done to end this plague once and for all Leovyoesn t have the answers but I appreciate her attempts to tackle the at times controversial and painful issues and shed light on a problem that s Charlie Turns Into a T-Rex difficult to know understand and talk about Again I will reiterate this is not a perfect book There are a lot of names and shifting points of view that as a reader it s easy to get lost or frustrated But at its best this book will make you think consider and uestion It will make you want to understand It will bring you to a place of empathy away from preconceived notions and prejudices and that s a powerful thing If you think you might read this book I highly recommend checking out theocumentary Crips and Bloods Made In America which provides an excellent overview of what s been called the longest running civil war in the history of America Like Leovy wants to Graphic Design For Everyone do with her book this unflinchingocumentary humanizes what s been a very Considering Kate (The Stanislaskis, dehumanizing reality for the black citizens of South Los Angeles This is a masterpiece If thisoesn t win the National Book Award and a ton of other awards then literary awards are really and truly bankrupt I was a fan of Leovy s Homicide Blog the original name for The Homicide Report in so far as someone can be a fan of a project to catalog every homicide in LA county Still it felt like important work and this book continues in its steps The point of the Homicide Report was to bring attention in whatever way possible to every homicide regardless of circumstance To say that every murder is a tragedy and that every life matters This book makes it plain why that s so important to Sweetland do If youon t the signal is uite clear some lives specifically those of black people Art of Laurel and Hardy don t matter Wow This is an incredible book about murder in South Los Angeles Jill Leovy was on the police beat for the LA Times and she spent 10 years following homicideetectives and reporting on Hers To Cherish (Verdantia, different murder cases Ghettoside goes inepth into one case in particular the fatal shooting of 18 year old Bryant Tennelle who was the son of an LA police The Intelligent Entrepreneur detective You could say Bryant was killed because he was in the wrong place at the wrong time or that he was killed because he was wearing the wrong colored hat Solving this messy case fell to Detective John Skaggs who was tenacious about trackingown leadsI found this book fascinating for several reasons First Leovy really gets into what cops The Summer of the Ubume do everyay how they handle leads how they interview suspects how they work together how they keep track of all those cases She Distracted - Acting Edition does it respectfully but she also points out the flaws in the system How overloaded officers are with cases How sometimes the orders given aren t always best for the neighborhood How there are never enough hours or enough money for euipmentAdditionally Leovy looks at the larger issue of why so many black men are being murdered in AmericaSociety s efforts to combat this mostly black on black murder epidemic were inept fragmented underfunded contorted by a variety of ideological political and racial sensitivities When homicideid get attention the focus seemed to be on spectacles mass shootings celebrity murders a step removed from the people who were Trauma heilen doing most of theying black menThey were the nation s number one crime victims They were the people hurt most badly and most often just 6 percent of the country s population but nearly 40 percent of those murdered People talked a lot about crime in America but they tended to gloss over this aspect that a plurality of those killed were not women children infants elders nor victims of workplace or school shootings Rather they were legions of America s black men many of them unemployed and criminally involved They were murdered every Developing Resilient Organizations day in every city their bodies stacking up by the thousands year after yearLeovyid research into what other communities around the world have had unusually high homicide rates and she looked at other minority groups such as immigrantsAmong the lessons to be Clean Tech, Clean Profits drawn was that povertyoes not necessarily engender homicide Despite their relative poverty recent immigrants tend to have lower homicide rates than resident Hispanics and their escendants born in the United States This is because homicide flares among people who are trapped and economically interdependent not among people who are highly mobile Homicide thrives on intimacy communal interactions barter and a shared sense of private rules The intimacy part was also why homicide was so stubbornly intraracial You had to be involved with people to want to kill them You had to share space had to be involved with people to want to kill them You had to share space a small isolated world emphasis mineWhat also struck me about this book was how personally many of the officers take criticism that they on t care about the community that they Singing the Kyrgyz Manas don t care about black lives that theyon t care about the victims Leovy shows time after time that there are many officers who Witch Way to Murder do care and they work as best they can to solve insurmountable problems The book has some goodiscussions on the Before The Legend different ways police can serve a community and how to try and gain the trust and support of residents At a time when incidents of police brutality have often been on the news it was nice to read about so manyetectives who cared eeply about the victims their families and the community I highly recommend this book to anyone interested in criminal justice or policingFavorite uotesMany critics today COMPLAIN THAT THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IS HEAVY HANDED that the criminal justice system is heavy handed unfair to minorities We hear a great eal about capital punishment excessively punitive The Joy of Work drug laws supposed misuse of eyewitness evidence troublingly high levels of black male incarceration and so forth So to assert that black Americans suffer from too little application of the law not too much seems at odds with common perception But the perceived harshness of American criminal justice and its fundamental weakness are in reality two sides of a coin the former a kind of poor compensation for the latter Like the schoolyard bully our criminal justice system harasses people on small pretexts but is exposed as a coward before murder It hauls masses of black men through its machinery but fails to protect them from bodily injury andeath It is at once oppressive and inadeuateHomicide grief may be a kind of living Best Practices death Survivors slog oniminished The Real Truth about Success disfigured by loss and incomprehension For many family members the nightmare begins with experiences most Americans associate only with war the sudden violenteath of a loved one on the street outside your home Parents and siblings are often first on the sceneVery few murders were covered in the media Television stations covered than the papers but without any particular consistency and many many The IKEA Edge deaths received no mention by any media outlet especially if the victims were black It rankledeeply The lack of media coverage seemed to convey that black on black homicide was small potatoes in the eyes of the world said a father who lost a Splish, Splash! daughterTake a bunch of teenage boys from the whitest safest suburb in America and plunk themown in a place where their friends are murdered and they are constantly attacked and threatened Signal that no one cares and fail to solve murders Limit their options for escape Then see what happens If it s sadness On a warm spring evening in South Los Angeles a young man was shot and killed on a sidewalk minutes away from his home one of hundreds of young men slain in LA every year His assailant ran own the street jumped into an SUV and vanished hoping to join the vast majority of killers in American cities.
free read ☆ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB î Jill LeovyFeeling harassed even as they think the cops on t care about solving murders so they Biscuit Meets the Class Pet don t cooperate The cops get frustrated by the lack of cooperation and put even less effort into solving black murders Rinse and repeat The good news is that Leovy actually thinks the situation could be greatly improved if the cops put resources into catching killers She uses Skaggs investigation of Tennelle seath to show how a seemingly random shooting can be solved Not with any kind of Sherlock Holmes Werewolf Smackdown (Felix Gomez, deduction or CSI labs but by simply showing up listening and giving aamn about all the people involved like the victim s family and witnesses Per her final chapter the situation has improved in south LA which she credits to better police policies and social programsComparisons to David Simon s Homicide A Year on the Killing Streets are inevitable and fair because Leovy My Jesus Year does cover a lot of the same ground as far as following aroundetectives and showing what actual police work is like It also hits a lot of the same themes that Simon s The Wire Try This did about institutions presenting a good face rather thanoing meaningful work This plays on of the sociological angles than Simon s works but it lacks his style and humor so I still think Homicide is a better read Leovy also puts John Skaggs on a pedestal which gets to be a little tiresome after a while However it s still an important book that takes a hard look at a very real problem i grew up in a tiny village located in the smallest state in the us whose residents were mostly elderly transplanted french canadians it was a very The Mistress Diaries (Pembroke Palace, docile environment from there i wentirectly to nyc for college and The Amazing Adventures of Dietgirl despite what the warriors or west side story may have taught youweon t have a lot of gang activity around here not like in la anyway no one here hails cabs to perform Poisonous Snakes drive bysthe bulk of my knowledge of west coast gang culture comes from rap music the shield and my poorly thought outecision to get many 40 s with my ex and watch a Dirty Deeds (Mechanics of Love, double feature of menace II society and boyz n the hood those two movies are forever wedded in my mind to the point where i can t remember which is which causing me some vague white anxiety that admitting this makes me come across as racist until i remember that the following week weid another mini marathon of heat and casino and in my mind that is also one long confusi Like the schoolyard bully our criminal justice system harasses people on small pretexts but is exposed as a coward before murder It hauls masses of black men through its machinery but fails to protect them from both bodily injury and Infinite Repeat (The Art of Lainey, death It is at once oppressive and inadeuate This is a book about a very simple idea where the criminal justice system fails to respond vigorously to violent injury andeath homicide becomes endemic There is a plague loose in the land A Chore Whore dark long time resident thateals in sudden The Forgotten Man Graphic Edition death trimming the upper number in the life expectancy range with a meataxe The truth is not easy It is not the sort of uniimensional flat surface that some politicians and most mainstream media find so attractive It is not good vs bad although there is plenty of both to go around It is not lazy versus industrious although there is a plentiful supply of both sorts of people The truth is multifaceted reflecting light from and to The Female of the Species diverseirections It is comprised of the accretions of time and experience and is held in place by ignorance greed and expectation But unless one can get a handle on the truth appreciate its reality its many facets see past its PR there can never be any hope of replacing it with a better truth a less Witch Week (Chrestomanci, desperate truth a less murderous truth How s this for a truth Black men make up 6 % of the population yet make up 40% of murder victims Jill Leovy from NPR Jill Leovy has beenigging at the truth for a long time She began as a crime reporter for the LA Times in 2002 and had a front row seat for the wave of homicide that washed over the southern parts of the city of angels So many murders yet so little reportage Even to many of the cops involved the victims were considered less than human not worthy of much notice Leovy Memory Boot Camp decided that attention needed to be paid beginning an on line Homicide Report at the LA Times that provided the specifics of every homicide in the city putting faces to the relentlessly growing numbers of murder victims Leovy spent years embedded with LAPD homicideetectives and maintained close contact with the families of victims Focusing on one particular killing from 2007 she uses this as a narrative core around which she builds her London Calling description and analysis It is an insightful surprising and enlightening view into a veryark reality Forty years after the civil rights movement impunity for the murder of black men remained America s great though mostly invisible race problem The institutions of criminal justice so remorseless in other ways in an era of get tough sentencing and preventive policing remained feeble when it came to answering for the lives of black murder victims Few experts examine what was evident every ay of John Skaggs s working life that the
state s inability to catch and punish evens inability to catch and punish even bare majority of murderers in black enclaves such as Watts was itself a root cause of the violence and that this was a terrible problem perhaps the most terrible thing in contemporary American life The system s failure to catch killers effectively made black lives cheap Leovy offers perspectives from both sides of the blue line Her primary focus is on a etective who gets it John Skaggs a big Mic of a cop with a brain to match his large frame Understanding that as long as black lives were held cheap the killing would continue Skaggs made it his mission to make black lives expensive Instead of blowing off the killing he took it on himself to Croma Venture: The Spiral Wars, Book 5 dig in find ways and take killers off the street Leovy tells the story of Skaggs pursuit of truth and justice if not exactly the American wayJohn Skaggs from The TelegraphOne of the many strengths of Leovy s book is her use of historical context Howid this or that come to s book is her use of historical context How Rancher Daddy (Saddlers Prairie, did this or that come to Whereid it come from What keeps it afloat What are the forces that keep it from changing Another is her consideration of why it is so The Tycoons Very Personal Assistant difficult to prosecute violent crimes in lawless places and why the police are so ready to employ tactics like stop and frisk and neighborhood sweeps And why there are some places the police prefer to avoid This practice of using proxy crimes to substitute forifficult and expensive investigations was widespread in American law enforcement The legal scholar William J Stuntz singled it out as a particularly One Girl One Dream damaging trend of recentecades In California proxy justice had transformed enforcement of parole and probation into a kind of shadow legal system sparing the state the trouble of expensive prosecutions When effective law enforcement no longer applies in a place local law steps in to fill the vacuum whether that law is gang based or a manifestation of a religious movement as in Ira or Afghanistan It is no puzzle why a part of the Windy City is called Chi ra When your business ealings are illegal you have no legal recourse Many poor underclass men of Watts had little to live on except a couple hundred ollars a month in county General Relief They cliued up for all sorts of illegal enterprises not just selling The Conquerors Lady / The Mercenarys Bride / His Enemys Daughter drugs and pimping but also fraudulent check schemes tax cons unlicensed car repair businesses or hair braiding Some bounced from hustle to hustle They bartered goods struckeals and shared proceeds all off the books Violence substituted for contract litigation Young men in Watts freuently compared their participation in so called gang culture to the way white collar businessmen sue customers competitors or suppliers in civil courts They spoke of policing themselves adjudicating their own Broken Prophecy disputes Other people call the police when they need help explained an East Coast Crip gang member We pick up the phone and call out homeboys There are other sources for what happens to innocent victims caught up in such sweeps I recommend Matt Taibbi s The Divide for that But that is not what Leovy is attending to here and it is indeed only one part of the larger storyBryant Tennelle from The Telegraph I was amazed by the level ofetail Leovy brought to bear informing the thrust of her argument Not only police blotter ata but on the scene reportage interviews with
People Affected By Theaffected by the and by the structure of life lived in what is in a way a walled off community Her information is not merely statistical and analytical It is personal Her people are very much living breathing individuals not catalog entries There are both residents and cops who are trying to cope with a huge challenge in a system that is not all that amenable to change Change costs money and we all know how much politicians love to boast about keeping costs ownThe politics of policing is also given some attention Why Surrender My Heart (Harts in Love, do cops work here rather than there Whyo The Wedding Challenge (The Matchmaker detectives choose this assignment over that Do they even have a choice What motivates the uniformed police theetectives What Quadruplets On The Doorstep do they hope to accomplish Whato they think they can accomplish How Luke do they go about their business How are policing resources allocatedIf I have any gripes about the book it might be that Leovy traces a bit of a halo around Skaggs He may be a bit too good to be real But then again he may not What sort of world is it in which a portrayal of actualecency is considered su. Ll costs for its forgotten victims Ghettoside is a fast paced narrative of a The Hero Next Door (Lighthouse Lane devastating crime an intimate portrait ofetectives and a community bonded in tragedy and a surprising new lens into the great subject of murder in America why it happens and how the plague of killings might yet be stoppe. Ou re after we have it right here by the bucketful One 16 year old kid named Devin Davis on May 11 2007 walked round the corner from St Andrews Place onto 80th Street Los Angeles and closed his eyes and pointed a gun towards two other black kids One of the shots hit one of them in the head an 18 year old named Bryant Tennelle who was the son of an LA A Bride For A Blue-Ribbon Cowboy detective and heiedBryant Tennelle Some time later Devin was uestioned and confessed pretty uickly It turned out that he hadn t realised he The Witnesses (Lancaster Burning d killed anyone until much later He thought what he wasoing was throwing a few rounds at some rival gangsters maybe hit one in the arm if the guy was unlucky He said I ain t never think I hurt somebody I ain t never id want to hurt nobody in this world I always just wanted to be a person everyone was just cool with Everybody just liking me I never id want to ever ever ever ever ever my whole life never wanted to hurt nobodyBeing a person others would be cool with meant not being a punk Not being a punk meant that if somebody for instance suggested making a few rival Crips bangers run like rabbits Devon would say yes I got out of the car closed my eyes and I just started oing it I The Best Revenge (Redstone, Incorporated don t know why I was scared Iidn t want nobody thinking of me as no bitch or nothing I just wanted to have friends That s all I wanted I Ranchers Perfect Baby Rescue didn t think you had too all thatFrom pages 34 and 40 In 1993 black men in their early twenties in Los Angeles County Silent Confessions died by homicide at a rate of 368 per 100000 population similar to the per capita rate ofeath for US soldiers A Texas Holiday Miracle deployed to Ira in the aftermath of the US invasion The smallest ghettoside spat seemed to escalate to violence as if absent law people were left with no other means of bringing aispute to a close Debts and competition over goods and women especially women 74 Seaside Avenue drove many killings But insults snitchingrunken antics and the classic unwanted party guests were also common homicide motivesThis book comes at you like Jill Leovy has The Note discovered this major ghastly secret at the heart of American life black on black homicide Jilloesn t herself believe this is hold the front page news but her book often reads as if it The Loving Gift does In fact she knows she hasn tiscovered this information just check out the amazing bibliography at the back but maybe she thinks she has RE The Wildcatter discovered it And that has to be a good thing In the two years which followed the murder of Bryant Tennelle 546 black men and boys were killed in South Los Angeles I remember the flurry of great black American movies at the beginning of the 1990s which allealt with this very issue front and centre Boyz n the Hood Menace II Society New Jack City Jungle Fever Those movies still ring in my head today so powerful were they At the very same time came David Simon s brilliant book Homicide which as it s all about Balti was also all about black on black homicide After which came the all time great tv show Homicide Life on the Street 1993 to 1999 There was this one episode which really got to me well there were a lot that id A black woman is in the police station waiting room and another black woman comes in They get to talking in fact the first one needs someone to talk to That morning she found out her son had been killed The second one is immediately sympathetic she knows what being a black mother in Balti means But then little etails of the first woman s son emerge and where and how he was killed and the atmosphere begins to freeze The second woman is Her Nine Month Confession down at the station because her son has just been arrested for this very murder And after Homicide came The Wire so it s not like this is unexamined territory We kind of know this stuff already But that s the problem right there It s become accepted as background radiation something that happens there and not here too massive and tooisturbing to think about Jill Leovy s fast bold and blunt prose takes the whole subject head on Again In many ways this is David Simon s book Part Two JL was embedded with a homicide unit followed some cases in A Southern Reunion detail got to know some of theetectives very well and here are her findings You also get the procedural stuff you might get in a Richard Price novel one of the three biggies Freedomland Clockers and Lush Life And mixed in with that you get the altpolitical history perspective of Mike Davis City of uartz subtitle Excavating the Future in Los Angeles All crammed Let It Go down into 330 exhausting pages On p 242 she observes that homicide rates amongst eually poor new immigrants from Central America are way way lower than those for LA blacks Poverty in itselfoes not make men shoot each other But In the year 2000 Charade of Hearts decades after the courts struckown restrictive covenants black people in LA were no likely to have white neighbours than they had been in 1970 Indices of racial segregation are strong homicide predictors Homicide thrives on intimacy communal interactions barter and a shared sense of private rules The intimacy part was also why homicide was so stubbornly intraracial You had to be involved with people to want to kill themBy contrast America s lonely atomized upper middle class white suburbs were not homicidal Their highly mobile occupants were not much involved with each other In passing one really surprising thing about Ghettoside was the absence of rugs as a big motivator in violent crime In THE LAST FEW JL REPORTS last few pages JL reports rates are
Now Declining As Ofdeclining as of but are of course still sky high by comparison with the rest of the population of the USA Although Jill Leovy s cast of thousands most of whom come with a pungent three line pen portrait and hectic circumstance who id what to who when and who said it went Toward a Better Life down wayifferent than that and how the police Die Konigreiche Israel Und Juda Im 9. Jahrhundert V. Chr. departments got reorganised and how thir office stationary budgets were affected and how the careers of her favourite murder cops went is uite exhausting and the reader will feel like they have been through the wringer than once I give it up for Ghettoside It s great stuff This is an important book Despite overall crime rates falling nationally black homicide rates remain stubbornly high And this is only the most lethal of problems facing inner city neighborhoods Failing schools Concentrated poverty Mass incarceration All these things work together to create a world apart known collouially as the ghetto It s a touchy subject that touches on just about every third rail in American life To even begin aisc Good reason to read it superb writing The characters though are so hackneyed There is Supercop the ordinary world weary father of teenagers who just wants to Schaums Outline of Microbiology, Second Edition do his best The police team who mostlyon t care at all it s only one Black shootin another The forensics guy who thinks he can After the Rubicon do better than computers he can The victim a boy with a shining face full of the possibilities of life bleeding toeath on the pavement from a bullet in his head I m so tired he says and A Prescription for Murder dies Another victim his grieving mother out of shape unkempt through misery and unable to move on The prostitute girlfriend who wants too better The gang victim who gives the police the information everyone but the cops know The hard men in prison planning revenge on snitches and being spied on by the prison guards The killer a victim himself of the ghetto who is 17 and felt immortal and just wanted to have friends be in a gang and so murdered to make himself popular Haven t you heard of all of them before a million times Could you switch on the tv without coming across a show based on these very characters So nothing extraordinary here except the writing and that s why the book gets four stars We love murderLet me clarify that statement We love murder as entertainment when the victim is some poor innocent blonde woman that our hero etectives avenge with a little help from the geeks in the crime lab and the whole thing is wrapped up in an hour Or about 45 minutes with commercials if it s on network televisionThis book is non fiction so it certainly oesn t have the appeal of a tidy TV solution and it Accounting for Taste digs into the whole sociology of a community where murder is common and the police as an institution seems interested in easyrug busts and flashy anti gang units even as it cuts the overtime of it s already understaffed homicide unitsSo that takes a lot of the fun out of murderOne of those homicides was Bryant Tennelle a young man who got shot for just being in the wrong place at the wrong time In a cruel twist Bryant was the son of a LAPD Anarchist Modernism detective who was one of the rare cops to live where he policed Part of the book follows the efforts of another relentlessetective named John Skaggs to solve the case Reporter Jill Leovy spent years covering and researching homicides in LA and she An Audience of Artists doesn t just tell us the story of that one murder The elephant in the room regarding murder in America is that the majority of it is made up of black men killing black men She tackles the issues head on and offers reasons and possible solutions to it What history shows is that in areas where a poor community feels repressed and vulnerable when major crimes go unpunished while the citizens feel harassed by the force failing to protect them it breeds murder In LA the police resources wereedicated mainly to crime prevention not crime investigation and homicide clearance rates had fallen to abysmal levels Leovy s findings show that this has created the worst kind of Catch 22 situation where the emphasis on the wrong kind of policing has the black citizens. Who are never arrested for their crimes But as soon as the case was assigned to Detective John Skaggs the odds shifted Here is the kaleidoscopic story of the uintessential American murder one young black man slaying another and a A Dogs Head determined crew ofetectives whose creed was to pursue justice at